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Public Expenditure Perspectives


In the past, public finance systems were judged effective if they were successful in controlling and reporting on financial resources. Modern public finance systems have expanded well beyond traditional controlling and reporting, with functionalities that enable decision makers to allocate publically available resources to the most important social goals of society. In Jordan, these goals have been clearly articulated in the National Agenda: The Jordan We Strive For: 2006–2015. To achieve the objectives and targets of the National Agenda, the Government must raise revenues and financing from taxation, non-tax fees, grants, and debt financing and then allocate these financial resources along with the government’s capital assets and its human resources in ways that will most effectively serve the national good.

Over the past five years, the Government implemented a number of important financial management reforms. The Ministry of Finance operates a computer model of the economy that it uses to forecast where the economy is heading and for plotting the overall course of the country’s public finances for the coming three years. The General Budget Department has implemented a country-wide system of “results-oriented budgeting,” a methodology that attempts to link public spending with public policy goals. The recently concluded new bylaw on internal financial control promises to lead to better control over budget execution and strengthened financial oversight. The Audit Bureau is in the process of introducing “performance auditing” to supplement its traditional financial audits, a process that will help close the loop on results-oriented budgeting and government performance. Finally, after several years of design and development, the Ministry of Finance rolled out its new Government Financial Management Information System (GFMIS), a financial and accounting system that automates many aspects of budget planning, execution, accounting, treasury operations, and reporting. All of these advances promise better control over public finances and more efficient and effective use of public resources.

To support the design and implementation of these modernization efforts, donors and others have undertaken numerous evaluations and diagnostic studies. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the French Government, and the European Commission have provided financial assistance to encourage the timely implementation of these modernization efforts. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), and USAID, especially through its Fiscal Reform projects, have provided technical assistance to support implementation of these reforms. GIZ and the USAID-funded Fiscal Reform Project II (FRP II) have provided on-the-ground technical assistance, while USAID-FRP II has provided training, organizational design, equipment, systems development and rollout, and all round capacity building assistance, to ensure that these modernization efforts achieve their objectives and serve the people of Jordan well.
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Working Papers

Water Public Expenditure Perspective Working Paper  October 2011
Health Public Expenditure Perspective Working Paper  August 2011
Social Protection Public Expenditure Perspective Working Paper  August 2011
Mezzo-Fiscal Analysis of Health and Education A public Expenditures Perspectives Working Paper  August 2011
Education Public Expenditures Working Paper  August 2011
 Event Presentations 
Overview - Dr. Mark Gallagher, FRP II – Chief of Party  23 January 2012
Alleviating Poverty through Social Assistance - Dr. Khalid Al Hmoud, FRP ll - Ministry of Finance Capacity and Organization Component Lead  23 January 2012
Managing Water in a Thirsty Country - Mr. Leo Sommaripa, FRP ll - Results Oriented Budget Advisor  23 January 2012
Building a Knowledge Society - Mr. Osama Al Azzam, FRP ll – Public Finance Management Component Lead  23 January 2012
Enhancing the Quality of Life through Health Services - Ms. Christina Erickson, FRP ll – Deputy Chief of Party  23 January 2012
Transportation in a Modern, Competitive Jordan - Mr. Ammar Jarrar, FRP ll – Capital Projects Advisor  23 January 2012
Policy Briefs
Policy Brief No.7: Strengthen the Conditional Cash Transfer Program  February 2012
Policy Brief No.8: Allow Microfinance Institutions to Take Deposits  February 2012
Policy Brief No.9: Student Loan Guarantee Agency  February 2012
Policy Brief No.10 Improve Teacher Utilization  March 2012
Policy Brief No.11 Use School Facilities More Efficiently  March 2012
Policy Brief No.12 Rationalize the Distribution of Hospital Resources   February 2012
Policy Brief No.13 Streamline the Distribution of Primary Care Centers  February 2012
Policy Brief No.14 Decentralize the MOH Budget  February 2012
Policy Brief No.15 Charge a Fair Price for Water  February 2012
Policy Brief No.16 Promote Efficient Water Use in Agriculture  February 2012
Policy Brief No.17 Improve the Targeting of Domestic Water Subsidies  February 2012
Policy Brief No.18 Non-Revenue Water Reduction Program  February 2012
Policy Brief No.19 Infrastructure Development Fund  February 2012
Policy Brief No.20 Strengthening the Golden List Program  February 2012
Policy Brief No.21Free Zone Jordan  February 2012
Interview with Dr. Mark Gallagher, Chief of Party at the FRP II about recently released Public Expenditure Perspectives Book  19 February 2012
Interview with Dr. Khalid Al-Hmoud is the Ministry of Finance Capacity and Organization Component Lead : FRP II recently released Public Expenditure Perspectives Book.flv  26 January 2012
Media Coverage
Media Coverage: Public Expenditure Perspectives  24 January 2012

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